• See 15mm British Colonial listing for contents and prices. In the Mediterranean Theatre at the Gallipoli, the 7th Indian Mountain Artillery Brigade comprising of the 21st (Kohat) Mountain Battery and 26th (Jacob) Mountain Battery, supported the British 29 Division which landed on the southern tip at Helles. It was similar to naval grapeshot which had bigger balls to penetrate the hull of a ship. Their mules suffered badly as well as those of the 2nd (Derajat) Mountain Battery which lost 948 mules to sickness and disease and only 11 were killed in action. I have always had a fascination for mules – those uncomplaining, hardworking beasts of burden that for centuries have carried or pulled the ordnance of war. In 1865 rifling increased the range of the muzzle loader to 3,000 yards (2,740 metres). NWF0501 - Mountain Gun and Crew (British) RML 2.5 inch Mountain Gun (the screw gun) and three crew. French Foreign Legion with 65mm Mountain Gun: French Foreign Legion with 75mm Guns. Named ‘’’"The Father of Victory" this gun, captured during the Siege of Bhurtpore in 1826, stood for many years outside the Royal Artillery Barracks at Woolwich. It was superseded in 1864 by the RML 7-pounder Mountain Gun. A 25-year-old British man has died after being shot by a hunter near his home in south west France. The heaviest single section was the interrupted screw breech, which weighed 112 kg. Two others mountain trains were numbered and reequipped to form the No 1 and No 2 Bombay Mountain Batteries. Stone Mountain Miniatures 15mm British Colonial miniatures include British, Dervish, Pathan and Zulu figures. As continental mountain guns were often towed, provision was made for this, and a pair of shafts could be inserted in the ‘Y’ part of the trail when the gun was to be towed. Nearly all of them as well as the 17 new mountain batteries that were raised during the Great War, participated in four theaters of operation: Palestine, East Africa, Mediterranean and Mesopotamia, for varying periods of time. The RML 2.5 inch Mountain Gun was replaced in 1901 by the breech loading BL 10 pounder Mountain Gun which was in service until the end of the First World War. This weapon was adopted by the US Army as the 2.95-inch Pack Howitzer during the Philippine Insurrection. I was so enamoured by the painting that I decided to sketch it in pencil – my first serious attempt at this form of art. in the records of the History of the Indian Mountain Artillery, the 7th (Bengal) Mountain Battery is mentioned in 1890 when the Zhob Field Force moved out to subdue the Khizadaris, leaving one section to garrison Fort Sandeman. Within the British Indian Army, few could rival the status and fighting reputation of the mountain batteries. They were generally fired from mortars. Hollow round shot (the first shells) were filled with explosive or incendiary material set off by a fuze. WW1 RHA 13 Pdr QF Field Gun. All available for purchase at International Military Antiques. The batteries were delighted with this new gun, whose accuracy encouraged shooting at fleeting opportunities that often occurred in frontier warfare. The introduction of the 10-pounder Breach Loading (BL) gun came as great shock to the Frontier tribesmen. Their fighting reputation, status and number grew and by 1920 there were 19 Indian Mountain Batteries. Tank gun versions of the 6-pounder were used in Crusader III, Cavalier, Centaur I and II, Cromwell I to III, Valentine VIII to X and Churchill III and IV, and also in the Canadian Ram Mk II and the experimental American Light Tank T7E2. It was taken into British service in the late 19th century to provide the 'movable armament' at some coaling stations. The 3rd had soldiered in Waziristan during the early 1920’s and again in the late 1930’s. Mountain Hunter™ magazine features adventure stories and amazing experiences from a guided hunt in British Columbia, Yukon and Northwest Territories. It consisted of a hollow canister filled with lead or iron balls. The mountain batteries were employed far and wide. We offer competitive shipping rates and short processing times for surplus guns. 1st Royal West Kents at Agrah and Gat on 29th September 1897: Malakand Field Force, 8th September 1897 to 12th October 1897 on the North-West Frontier of India: picture by Walter Paget after Lionel James In 1957, the regiment was equipped with the American 105 mm Self Propelled Field Guns and re-designated as the 1st (SP) Field Regiment, Artillery. FREE classifieds to buy and sell reloading, rifles, pistols, and other Guns in B.C.. PAL or RPAL required, all members are screened before gaining full access. A 6-gun mountain battery had to be self-contained, so in addition to the 30 gun mules, it had another 30 carrying ammunition, 30 more for spare parts, tools for artificer and collar-maker and tools and forge for the farrier, 30 to relieve the gun mules on long marches and 65 mules carrying rations, water and baggage and provide additional relief. A 6-gun mountain battery had to be self-contained, so in addition to the 30 gun mules, it had another 30 carrying ammunition; 30 more for spare parts, tools for the artificer and the collar-maker and tools and a forge for the farrier; 30 to relieve the gun mules on long marches and 65 mules carrying rations, water and baggage and to provide additional relief. The guns of mountain batteries were light in caliber and designed to be disassembled and transported by mules. The screw-gun was broken down into 5 mule loads which were, in the order in which the mules were trained to march: axle (the cross member that fitted under the carriage to take the wheels), wheels (two iron-rimmed wooden wheels, 3 feet in diameter), carriage (2 steel plates with three cross members and a “shoe” which rested on the ground), and finally the two parts of the gun, breech and chase. They needed to move as fast as infantry and be readied for action in the shortest time possible. After the Great War, mountain batteries were again mobilized for the Third Afghan War and also supported a number of frontier operations including the hard fought 1936-39 Waziristan Operation. The black bear's carcass lay off a northern B.C. wilderness back road, belly cut open, gall bladder removed. During the Second Afghan War, the Third saw service around Kandahar in 1878. It weighed 3 cwt (153 kg) and was considered too heavy. The 4th (Hazara) Battery operated in Burma and in 1887 it was relieved by the No 1 (Bengal) Mountain Battery. Singing songs is a great way to get better at speaking English and we have lots of great songs for you to enjoy. The QF 2.95-inch mountain gun was the designation given by the British to a Vickers 75 mm calibre gun. These stories are submitted by the member guides or related by hunters who experienced a close call or trophy hunt in our area with one of our members. However, the five “mountain trains” (as the batteries were then called) were retained. They were officered by the very best from the Royal Artillery and only the highest quality of Indian recruits was accepted. Pack Training Mule, British, c1936 Mountain guns and pack howitzers have to be carried on the back of a mule. It was originally produced for the Egyptian Army. Mountain artillery, which includes pack howitzers, mountain howitzers and mountain … The weapon was designed to be broken into eight mule loads to transport over difficult terrain. From 1900 onwards for the next four years, it was in action with various columns sent to retaliate against the Mahsuds and Wazirs who were supporting Mullah Powinda. British mountain guns were ‘pack guns’, designed to be stripped and carried on mules. The guns of mountain batteries were light in caliber and designed to be disassembled and transported by mules. For years they had been having a good laugh at the smoke and discharge of the 2.5-inch gun, taking cover before the shell arrived. Jest send in your Chief an’ surrender — it’s worse if you fights or you runs: You can go where you please, you can skid up the trees, but you don’t get away from the guns. British Army > Artillery. An improved version, the 2.75 inch Mountain Gun was introduced in 1911. Mountain Artillery The first recorded use of mules to carry artillery pieces in the British army was at the end of 1813 when French troops withdrew into the Pyrenees before Wellington's advance. Its refrain was: For you all love the screw-guns — the screw-guns they all love you! The Celebrated Bhurtpore Gun at Woolwich. Mules could carry about 100kg and the guns were dismantled into three loads (piece, carriage and wheels). Langley Models Kit Gun XX16 Soldier Pac Recasts as Crew After the war nearly all the mountain batteries were disbanded except ten and some were converted to field artillery. Another experimental vehicle armed with the 6-pounder was a Firefly tank destroyer, based on the Morris Light Reconnaissance Car. Meanwhile in 1886 two more mountain batteries were raised: No 1 (Bengal) at Rawalpindi and the No 2 (Bengal) at Mian Mir Cantonment in Lahore. General Ayub Khan, C-in-C Pakistan Army, reviewing the 3rd (Peshawar) Mountain Battery during its centenary at Campbellpur in 1953. The battery supported units in the Chin Hills and elsewhere and in 1889 it returned to India with the privilege of adding BURMA 1885-87 to its colours. At an open gun position, a practiced crew could have the guns unloaded, assembled and ready for action in under two minutes. They were generally cylindical with a streamlined nosing and were fired from larger calibre guns. The 3.7 inch Mountain Howitzer was first introduced in 1917. The gun was manned by a sergeant and 8 men who assembled it in less than half a minute. This was one of the early first generation rifled guns with a longer range and bigger charge but because the barrel was too heavy to be carried by one mule, it was in two parts that had to be screwed together. Therefore they could operate far inside the rugged terrain of mountains and jungles that would otherwise be impossible to traverse by larger and more conventional artillery. Bhurtpore gun. For years they had been having a good laugh at the smoke and discharge of the 2.5-inch gun, taking cover before the shell arrived. Do you like listening to songs in English? From the beginning of time, improved defenses have encouraged development of new offenses. Author’s Note: Information for this article has been extracted from Indian Mountain Artillery by Christopher Trevelyan, The History of the Indian Mountain Artillery by Brigadier General CAL Graham and Indian Artillery in World War I by Major General Rajendra Prakash. S ometime back, I chanced upon a painting in the archives of the National Army Museum in the UK with the title: “7th (Bengal) Mountain Battery going into Action at Kaniguram, Waziristan, 1920”. In 1876, the Peshawar and Hazara Mountain Batteries were numbered 3 and 4 and three years later the names of “Kohat” and “Derajat” were added to the No 1 and 2 Mountain Batteries. It took three minutes to load it back onto the mules. They were lighter than guns of the same caliber and at short ... British Coehorn Mortar of 4.6-inch From Rudyerd Circa 1780. kimberley, south africa, c.1900. But for the next 20 years it supported all the operations on the Frontier. In 1953, it celebrated its centenary of at Campbellpur and had the distinct honour of being reviewed by General Ayub Khan, C-in-C Pakistan Army, on horseback. The author Kipling admired the mountain artillery and was of the opinion that “There is really nothing more complex than a mule-battery.” In his well-researched article on the Indian Artillery in the First World War, Major General Rajendra Prakash of the Indian Army says: “The mountain gunners’ boast was that they could go anywhere, where a man and a mule could put a foot. Milligan's Outfitters' guided mountain goat and bear hunting area is located 500 miles northwest of Vancouver, BC, Canada. For the Great War, the 10 Pounder BL (Breech Loading) and 2.75 Inch guns (pictured above) equipped the Indian Mountain Artillery. It was superseded in 1864 by the RML 7-pounder Mountain Gun . British Mountain Cannon 2 Inch Cannons for sale in Cumbria, North West © 2019 All copyrights reserved by The Friday Times. Learn more. The first mountain train in India was formed in 1840 and the only guns suitable for carriage by mule were the bronze 3-pounder SBML and 4.25" howitzer with a range of about 800 yards (730 metres) . Almost as many men as were manning the guns worked to support them by preparing and taking forward ammunition, repairing equipment, tending mules (including shoeing), preparing and cooking food, and providing guards and reliefs. Throughout their existence, hardly an expedition on the North-West Frontier went by without at least one or more batteries being attached for much needed artillery support. The 7th (Bengal) Mountain Battery was part of the Indian Expeditionary Force that sailed to East Africa and remained there in continuous operations till it embarked for India in January 1918. This demonstration model was manufactured so that gunners could practice how to load and unload a mule. In the fighting traditions of the Mountain Artillery, the regiment excelled in the Battle of Chawinda during the 1965 Pakistan-India War. The introduction of the 10-pounder Breach Loading (BL) gun came as great shock to the Frontier tribesmen. Shells were developed for rifled artillery to carry explosive or other filing to the target. The .303 British round has been obsolete for decades, now, but it can still find its niche in modern hunting; it would still be practical for mid-sized, soft-skinned ungulates, but the shooter shouldn't try extreme long-range shots, since the .303 British round was never a particularly powerful nor a particularly hunter round. When the Punjab Irregular Force was renamed as the Punjab Frontier Force in 1865, the mountain trains were gradually re-designated as batteries. An early 7 pounder rifled muzzle loader is for sale at Springfield Arsenal LLC.Ad says in excellent condition and you can even see it … In 1865 rifling increased the range of the muzzle loader to 3,000 yards (2,740 metres). After operating in Burma it served in Malaya and French Indochina in 1946 and in-between it became an exclusively Punjabi Muslim unit. The conditions in East Africa were the worst for the mules. Please enter your username or email address to reset your password. It was a remarkable sight to see a good mountain battery coming into ‘crash’ action. We have commercial flights from Vancouver 2-3 times per day with Air Canada and West Jet. In 1879 the RML 2.5 inch Mountain Gun was introduced. Only in the last year of the war was the next model, the 3.7 Inch (pictured below), introduced in East Africa. On the line of march, Mountain Gunners always out-marched the Infantry, keeping up a steady clip of up to four and a half mile per hour, mile after mile and day after day.”. In addition, there were eight or nine British mountain batteries of the Royal Artillery and four with the State Forces, some with an impressive service record. In 1890 they were renamed as the No 5 (Bombay) and No 6 (Jacob) Mountain Batteries. The only mass-produced vehicle mounting t… What would appear to the uninitiated eye to be a disorderly assembly of mules and soldiers would suddenly stream into position, there would be a brief pause with much exertion and the heaving of lumps of metal and in a minute or two, the animals would be led off at a run leaving six or four sturdy guns with their detachments kneeling smartly round them. Disassembled and transported by mules action … British firepower in the shortest time possible and we have commercial flights Vancouver. 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